Twenty kilometers northwest of Nea Flogita lies one of the most beautiful and internationally famous caves of the very important palaeontological findings. The Cave of Petralona! It is located near the village of Petralona, at the western foot of the mountain goat of Chalkidiki. The visit to the cave leads to large halls with stalagmites and stalactites. Highly impressive is the decoration of stalagmites, especially the dwarf stalagmites on the floor.
The cave became internationally known in the 1960s when findings with great significance for palaeontology and anthropology were discovered. The most important finding was a human skull which is aged between 250,000 years and 500,000 years or even more. It was protected through the ages by the stalagmites and belonged to a man of 30-35 years old (elder at the time). The room where it was discovered was later named Mausoleum.
The findings show that the cave was a refuge of humans and animals of many thousands of years ago. Bear bones and teeth were discovered that lived 600,000 years ago. There were also discovered lion, rhino and other animals and human vertebrae segments as well as stone tools. At this time only a portion of the cave has been explored. Many of the findings are exhibited to the museum that resides next to cave.